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Common Shipping Acronyms

INCOTerms 2010

A convenient reference to Critical Points in the international transportation system, specifically in relation to the application of Incoterms to sale and purchase contracts.

The ABC's of Prior Disclosure (source: CBP)

Advises on the who, what, where, when, and why of Customs Prior Disclosure regulations and procedures.

Reasonable Care (source: CBP)

In the form of questions concerning Classification, Valuation, Country of Origin/Marking/Quota, Intellectual Property Rights, and other issues about which importers need to be concerned. Includes additional questions for textile and apparel importers.

Customs Administrative Enforcement Process: Fines, Penalties, Forfeitures and Liquidated Damages (source: CBP)

Summary level, includes regulatory references and helpful process charts.

International Trade: Rules of Origin (source: Congressional Research Service)

This report deals with ROO in three parts. First, the reasons that country of origin rules are important and U.S. laws and methods that provide direction in making these determinations. Second, controversial issues involving rules of origin, including the apparently subjective nature of some CBP origin determinations, and the effects of the global manufacturing process on ROO. Third, some alternatives and options that Congress could consider that might assist in simplifying the process.

Free and Secure Trade (FAST) Fact Sheet (source: CBP)

Fact sheet on the Free and Secure Trade (FAST) program, a commercial clearance program for known low risk shipments entering the U.S. from Canada and Mexico.

Free and Secure Trade (FAST) Reference Guide (source: CBP)

Fairly comprehensive overview of features, benefits and application process for carriers and importers.

Supply Chain Security Best Practices Catalogue: (source: CBP)

A comprehensive review of supply chain security best practices leading to C-TPAT certification.

African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA): Background and Reauthorization (source: Congressional Research Service)

The African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) is a non-reciprocal trade preference program that provides duty-free treatment to U.S. imports of certain products from eligible sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. In terms of tariff benefits and general eligibility criteria, AGOA is similar to the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), a U.S. trade preference program that applies to more than 120 developing countries. AGOA, however, covers more products and includes additional eligibility criteria beyond those in GSP.


Tariff Classification Guidance


The Agricultural Actual Use Provisions: Tariff Classification Issues of Headings 9817.00.50 and 9817.00.60 (source: CBP)

Section XXII of the HTSUS, under the heading "Special Classification Provisions; Temporary Legislation; Temporary Modifications Established Pursuant To Trade Legislation; Additional Import Restrictions Established Pursuant To Section 22 Of The Agricultural Adjustment Act, As Amended", provides for a number of alternate rates of duty for specific goods that meet the conditions of that Section.

Almost all of the tariff provisions for goods used in agricultural pursuits found in Chapter 84 provide for a free rate of duty. Additionally, the special classification provisions of headings 9817.00.50 and 9817.00.60, HTSUS, may be applied to any article that meets the terms of either of these headings. Generally, these are articles which are used for agricultural purposes but which are not already classified under a duty-free agricultural provision. Among the key terms in these two special provisions is the phrase "to be used". This phrase makes these two headings actual use provisions. As such, an article must satisfy the statutory requirements set forth in Additional U.S. Rule of Interpretation 1(b), HTSUS.

Classification: Apparel Terminology under the HTSUS (source: CBP)

This Informed Compliance Publication provides a brief guide for classifying apparel under chapters 61 and 62 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedules of the United States (HTSUS), and a glossary of working definitions for the apparel-related provisions that appear in those chapters. It is intended as an aid for importers and interested parties in determining the appropriate HTSUS classifications for apparel, and thus the rates of duty and textile quota categories that correspond to those classifications.

The first part of this publication presents some general factors to consider when classifying apparel. The second part is a "glossary" of specific provisions that appear in the HTSUS.

The Classification of Ball Bearings, Roller Bearings and Parts Thereof (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items and includes their history and development, bearing types, HTSUS classification of: ball bearings, ball bearings with integral shafts, ball bearings without integral shafts, roller bearings, tapered roller bearings, spherical roller bearings, cylindrical roller bearings, other bearings including combination ball/roller bearings and wheel hub units, bearing parts, as well as antidumping and countervailing duties.

Waste & Scrap as it Relates to Base Metals of Chapter 81 (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items. Waste and scrap of the base metals of chapter 81, except for tungsten, are free of duty (if entitled to column 1 treatment). The term "waste and scrap" has taken on various meanings. This document discusses which "salient characteristics" Customs believes must be present in order for a product to be classified as waste or scrap, the application of Note 8(a) to Section XV, and the application of the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System Explanatory Notes (EN's) to heading 7204.

Beauty and Skin Care Products of Heading 3304 (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items. Notes that the Harmonized Tariff Schedule and the Explanatory Notes do not define many of the terms used in the industry and provides and argues for certain definitions.

Distinguishing Bolts from Screws (source: CBP)

U.S. Customs and Border Protection uses fastener industry standards to distinguish bolts from screws. When a fastener is described in a fastener industry dimensional standard as either a screw or a bolt, they follow that standard. When there is no dimensional standard, they go to "Specification for Identification of Bolts and Screws," ANSI — ASME B18.2.1 1981 (the "specification"). The publication includes hints for applying the Specification.

Buttons, Snap-Fasteners, Slide Fasteners and Similar Articles (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items under Heading 9606 of the HTSUS. Notes that these articles may be made of various materials (plastics, base metal, wood, etc.) and may contain pearls (natural or cultured), precious or semi-precious stones, as well as precious metal or metal clad with precious metal, provided these Chapter 71 materials are minor components of the item. Importations of items containing pearls, bone, horn, leather or similar materials may be subject to regulations of other agencies (e.g. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service).

Classification of Textile Costumes under the HTSUS (source: CBP)

This publication covers the classification of textile costumes, begins with a short history of their classification, and highlights flimsy, non-durable costumes of chapter 95 vs. well made costumes of

Cutlery of Headings 8211 through 8215 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items. Includes a helpful decision tree.

Internal Combustion Piston Engines (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items. Relatively straightforward language on how internal combustion piston engines and their parts should be classified, and why. Includes: the Engines of Heading 8407, Aircraft and Marine Propulsion; Reciprocating Piston Engines for Vehicles of Chapter 87; Engines of Heading 8408, and Parts of Engines (8409) including examples.

Fasteners of Heading 7318 (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items. Includes pictures.

Classification of Fibers and Yarns under the HTSUS (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items in Chapters 50 through 58 of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule. Explains construction, nomenclature and terminology. Includes helpful decision tree.

Household Articles of Base Metal (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of household articles classified in Section XV, HTS, most commonly in Chapter 73 (household articles of iron or steel), Chapter 74 (household articles of copper), Chapter 76 (household articles of aluminum), Chapter 79 (household articles of zinc) and Chapter 80 (household articles of tin). Describes articles classifiable in the household headings as "utilitarian", rather than merely decorative. Discusses place of use. Cautions that most common household articles are provided for more specifically in other headings of the HTS.

Gloves, Mittens & Mitts, Not Knitted or Crocheted, Under the HTSUS (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items. Discusses outer shell material of the glove, which imparts the essential character: plastic under tariff heading 3926; rubber in heading 4015; leather in heading 4203; textile knitted construction in heading 6116; and textile construction other than knit, in heading 6216. Discusses use of the palm side (fingertips to wrist) material in determining essential character when the glove shell is composed of two or more materials. Provides definitions for terms used in the tariff and glove trade.

Turbojets, Turbopropellers and Other Gas Turbines, (HTSUS 8411) and Parts Thereof (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items by examining and clarifying the scope of the merchandise that is included in heading 8411.

Footwear (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these item in Chapter 64 of the HTSUS with respect to the identification of the component material comprising the greatest external surface area of the upper and the external surface area of the outer sole. Describes exclusions to Chapter 64.

Classification of Knit to Shape Garments under HTSUS Heading 6110 (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items. Discusses certain chinese-origin knit to shape garment exclusions from quota per Statistical Note 6 to Chapter 61.

Stranded Wire, Rope and Cable, of Iron or Steel (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items. Technical terms defined, industry standards identified and scope of the relevant heading and subheadings clarified.

Cane and Beet Sugar (Quota, Classification & Entry) (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the quota, classification & entry of these items. Reviews legal bases, discusses classification as dependant on the type, form and source of the sugar, and that only sucrose (which can be obtained from a variety of sources, including sugar cane, sugar beets, maple sugar, sorghum, carob beans and palms) is subject to a quota.

Classification of Molds and Their Parts Under the HTSUS (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items, including exclusions and basic terminology.

Basic Forms of Non-Ferrous Metals (source: CBP)

Discusses non-ferrous metals (i.e., base metals not composed primarily of iron or steel) found within Chapters 74 through 81. Non-ferrous metals share most common definitions of basic forms, however, definition of terms must always be examined in the section notes, chapter notes and the Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System Explanatory Notes (ENs) for guidance in classification.

Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) and Electronic Organizers (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items based primarily on Customs rulings issued.

Classification and Marking of Pipe Fittings under Heading 7307 (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items. Includes some useful diagrams and questions.

Diodes, Transistors and Similar Semiconductor Devices (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items including general considerations, exclusions, and issues.

Coated Nonalloy Flat-Rolled Steel (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items, as well as invoicing, entry and antidumping considerations.

Classification of Cooking Ranges, Stoves and Ovens (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items.

Classification of Hats and Other Headgear under HTSUS Heading 6505 (source: CBP)

Discusses the various issues affecting the importation and tariff classification of hats and other headgear under heading 6505, HTSUS.

Vehicles, Parts and Accessories Under the HTSUS (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items. Vehicles (other than railway or tramway rolling-stock) are provided for in Chapter 87. Many of the parts and accessories for such vehicles are also classifiable in Chapter 87, but there are many exceptions. Includes a discussion of Parts of General Use, NAFTA and FTZ. Provides 'cheat sheets'.

Locks of Base Metal (source: CBP)

Seeks to clarify the tariff classification of base metal locks, parts thereof and keys. It also identifies the country of origin marking requirements applicable to keys.

Table and Kitchen Glassware (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items, including subheadings based on the unit value of a single glass article. Includes some pictures.

Tractors (HTSUS 8701) vs. Heavy Industrial Machinery (HTSUS 8429 & 8430) (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items including a 'questionnaire' approach.

Vending Machines and Their Parts Under the HTSUS (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items including issues, terminology, location of use, presence/use of coin mechanism and so forth.

Classification and Marking of Watches and Clocks (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification and marking of these items. In summary, watches and clocks must be marked with their country of origin for purposes of 19 U.S.C. 1304, and in accordance with Part 134 of the Customs Regulations. Clocks and watches must also be marked in accordance with the special marking requirements of Additional U.S. Note 4, Chapter 91 of the HTSUS.

Soldering and Welding Machines and Apparatus (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification of these items, including a detailed review of most types, issues and exclusions.

Eyewear Frames and Eyewear (source: CBP)

Provides guidance regarding the classification and marking of these items. Goods of heading 9003, HTSUS, along with the optical elements, including lenses and filter elements, of heading 9001, HTSUS, form the goods of heading 9004, HTSUS. The general term for the goods of headings 9003 and 9004 is eyewear, which includes corrective eyewear such as prescription eyeglasses, prescription sunglasses, and reading glasses; non-prescription sunglasses; and protective goggles such as welding goggles and swim goggles.

Hand Tool Sets Classified Under Subheadings 8205.90.00 and 8206.00.00 (source: CBP)

Reviews the unit quantity for reporting purposes as pieces and the applicable duty for these provisions as "the rate of duty applicable to that article in the set subject to the highest rate of duty".